2001 Structural and Financial Characteristics of U.S.
Economic Research Service, USDA, Agriculture Information Bulletin
No. 768, May 2001
"Family farms vary widely in size and other characteristics,
ranging from very small retirement and residential farms to establishments
with sales in the millions of dollars. The farm typology developed
by the Economic Research Service (ERS) categorizes farms into
groups based primarily on occupation of the operator and sales
class of the farm. The typology groups reflect operators' expectations
from farming, position in the life cycle, and dependence on agriculture.
The groups differ in their importance to the farm sector, product
specialization, program participation, and dependence on farm
income. These (and other) differences are discussed in this report."
A Farmer's Guide to Agricultural Credit
This guide is designed to help you better understand credit. Borrowers
are offered more alternatives and need to develop procedures to
evaluate those choices. These alternatives give borrowers the
opportunity to better manage their financial affairs. This guide
also outlines a practical approach to evaluating loans. Many terms
used by lenders and others offering credit are defined in the
glossary of this guide and are illustrated in the following sections.
Learning the language of credit will be important as you manage
your finances. Before entering any formal loan agreement, consult
with an attorney, tax advisor and accountant.
Securing Agricultural Rent Payments in Illinois after July
On July 1, 2001 Illinois Public Act 91-893 became effective. It
amends the Illinois landlord's lien upon crops statute and the
Illinois Uniform Commercial Code. This article discusses the steps
an Illinois agricultural landlord may take after July 1, 2001
to secure the payment of rent under the revised Illinois landlord's
lien statute. A form for giving notice to prospective purchasers
of the crop is provided, along with a link to the UCC 1 (the form
needed for filing with the Secretary of State). Other links to
the Secretary of State's Website and to applicable Illinois Statutes
are provided, along with various other suggestions.
The New Farmers Market
The following selections from a new book "The New Farmers
Market" are available as free PDF downloads from New World
- Benefits of Farmers' Markets for Farmers, Customers &
- Selling to Ethnic Groups
- Hottest Products to Sell
- Getting Grants for your Market
- Market Issues & How To Deal With Them
- Salad Bar Program
- School Lunch Program
- Special Events for Your Market
- What's In A Name (Finding a great name for your market)
- Resources from "Embracing the Community" & "Expanding
Healthy Farmers, Healthy Profits
Focused on useful tips to decrease workload by making chores easier
and safer while lowering costs. The site has Tips for Dairies,
Vegetable and Fruit Growers. Some of the dairy topics include:
Use Silage Bags, Build an On-Site Calf Feed Preparation Area,
Use Bottle Holders for Newborn Calves, Move Calf Feed and Supplies
by Wagon, Long-Day Lighting in Dairy Barns.
Confined Animal Production and Manure Nutrients
ERS Agriculture Information Bulletin No. 771. 40 pp, June 2001
Noel Gollehon, Margriet Caswell, Marc Ribaudo, Robert Kellogg,
Charles Lander, and David Letson.
Census of agriculture data were used to estimate manure nutrient
production and the capacity of cropland and pastureland to assimilate
nutrients. Most farms (78 percent for nitrogen and 69 percent
for phosphorus) have adequate land on which it is physically feasible
to apply the manure produced on-farm at agronomic rates. (The
costs of applying manure at these rates have not been assessed).
Even so, manure that is produced on operations that cannot fully
apply it to their own land at agronomic rates accounts for 60
percent of the Nation's manure nitrogen and 70 percent of the
manure phosphorus. In these cases, most counties with farms that
produce "excess" nutrients have adequate crop acres
not associated with animal operations, but within the county,
on which it is feasible to spread the manure at agronomic rates.
However, barriers to moving manure to other farms need to be studied.
About 20 percent of the Nation's on-farm excess manure nitrogen
is produced in counties that have insufficient cropland for its
application at agronomic rates (23 percent for phosphorus). For
areas without adequate land, alternatives to local land application--such
as energy production--will need to be developed.