New Herbicide Injury on Soybean Fact Sheet
A new fact sheet covers a wide range of herbicides and "typical"
symptoms associated with injury from those herbicides. The front
of the fact sheet displays images of soybean injury and is arranged
by herbicide site of action, while the back of the fact sheet
focuses on symptomatology associated with that site of action
or a specific herbicide.
Factors Affecting U.S. Pork Consumption
Pork ranks third in annual U.S. meat consumption, behind beef
and chicken, averaging 51 pounds per person. The Continuing Survey
of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) indicates that most pork
is consumed at home. Pork consumption is highest in the Midwest,
followed by the South, the Northeast, and the West. Rural consumers
eat more pork than urban/suburban consumers. Pork consumption
varies by race and ethnicity. Higher income consumers tend to
consume less pork. Everything else remaining constant, demographic
data in the CSFII suggests future declines in per capita pork
consumption as the share of Hispanics and the elderly in the population
rises because those two groups eat less pork than the national
average. However, total U.S. pork consumption will grow because
of an expansion of the U.S. population.
Organic Farmgate and Wholesale Prices
This data set provides farmgate and wholesale prices for select
organic and conventional produce items for the Boston and San
Francisco markets. Prices are based on those reported by USDA
Agricultural Marketing Service Market News reports for 1995-2004
(wholesale prices), Organic Food Business News for 2000-04 (organic
farmgate prices), and USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service
as reported in ERS Vegetables and Melons Yearbook
Market Integration of the North American Animal Products
The beef, pork, and poultry industries of Mexico, Canada, and
the United States have tended to become more economically integrated
over the past two decades. Sanitary barriers, which are designed
to protect people and animals from diseases, are some of the most
significant barriers to fuller integration of meat and animal
markets. In addition, diseases such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis
(BSE), also known as mad cow disease, have caused major disruptions
to beef and cattle trade.
Will 2005 Be the Year of the Whole Grain?
For the first time, the Dietary Guidelines have specific recommendations
for whole grain consumption separate from those for refined grains.
The Guidelines, released in January 2005, encourage all Americans
over 2 years old to eat roughly half of their recommended 5 to
10 daily servings of grains, depending on calorie needs. The goal
of this new recommendation is to improve Americans' health by
raising awareness of whole grains and their role in nutritious
diets. The Guidelines could also, however, have big impacts on
farmers and farm production. How big depends on consumers' and
North America Moves Toward One Market
This feature article for Amber Waves examines how the agricultural
economies of Canada, Mexico, and the United States are increasingly
behaving as if they form one market. To illustrate this trend,
the article provides several examples of market integration from
grains and oilseeds, livestock and animal products, fruits and
vegetables, and food processing. The article concludes by identifying
several areas in which further integration could be pursued.
Why Hasn't Crop Insurance Eliminated Disaster Assistance?
This Amber Waves article reviews farmer participation in the Federal
crop insurance program, which has been promoted as a replacement
for ad hoc disaster assistance. Despite increased participation
in crop insurance disaster assistance has been enacted. This article
discusses the government costs of the crop insurance program,
mainly premium subsidies, and how crop insurance participation
varies by type of farm and region.
Population Interaction Zones For Agriculture (Piza)
This data product provides electronic access to indexes that measure
the degree of influence that nearby urban-related population exerts
on agricultural land. The county-level and 5-kilometer indexes
are based on a "gravity model" of urban influences.