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Insulin Frequently Asked Questions
What Is Insulin?
Insulin is a chemical that helps turn the food we eat into
energy. People are able to produce enough insulin except when
they have diabetes.
Why Do People with Diabetes Need Insulin?
People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin on their
own. They need insulin shots to survive. People with type
2 diabetes may need insulin injections if their blood sugar
levels cannot be controlled with diet, exercise, weight loss,
and oral glucose lowering medicines.
Why Does Insulin Need To Be Injected?
You cannot take insulin by mouth because your body would
Are There Any Special Times When People with Diabetes Who
Do Not Normally Take Insulin Might Need To Take Insulin?
People with type 2 diabetes may need insulin injections
if they are injured, have an infection, are having surgery,
are pregnant, or are allergic to sulfonylurea medications.
Do I Still Need To Follow a Specific Diet or Meal Plan If
I Am Taking Insulin?
Yes. Insulin never takes the place of a healthy diet and/or
It is important to remember that the type and timing of insulin
regimens must be individualized based on eating and exercise
habits and blood glucose levels as prescribed by your doctor.
This handout contains general information
on diabetes medication. It is not intended to replace medical
advice. It is important to talk to your doctor or pharmacist
about your dosage and any other questions that you may have.
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