Herbaceous plants (flowers, vegetables) may become limp, curl, wilt, scorch, and turn off color to brown and die or any combination. The entire plant may die.
Turf goes off color, then browns. Death of the turf can occur when the crown (growing point) dries out too much.
Drought stress also affects the plants growth such as root depth, fewer and smaller leaves, and photosynthesis slows.
While woody plants do not wilt over like herbaceous plants, the symptoms are less obvious as already discussed and seen in the foliage. Repeated cycles of drought or extended periods of drought will cause root die-back, making the plant more prone to stress as the conditions continue. If possible water before the obvious signs appear.
In turf, when you see your footprint in the lawn, it is time to provide moisture. If you allow your lawn to go naturally dormant, apply enough water to maintain the viability of the crown and not bring the turf out of dormancy. Enough water is about 1/4 to 1/2 inch of surface water every three to four weeks depending on weather.
U of IL - Distance Diagnosis through Digital Imaging
A free plant, weed, insect and disease identification service available through your local University of Illinois Extension office. Center Educators or State Specialists review & respond to information and digital images submitted by local Extension office personnel. Some samples may require further examination or culture work (nominal fee involved) at the U of IL Plant Clinic. Visit site >>
U of IL - Plant Clinic
Services include plant and insect identification, diagnosis of disease, insect, weed and chemical injury (chemical injury on field crops only), nematode assays, and help with nutrient related problems, as well as recommendations involving these diagnoses. Microscopic examinations, laboratory culturing, virus assays, and nematode assays are some of the techniques used in the clinic. Visit site >>
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