Lygus bugs are spindly legged, small insects, both as nymphs and adults, that move rapidly when disturbed. Adults are 1/4 inch long, brown, flat-topped, with many angular black markings. Nymphs are smaller and greenish, with a few tiny dark spots.
Lygus bugs feed on the blooms of lima beans. Their piercing-sucking mouthparts not only withdraw juices but also inject a toxin. This causes the blooms to blast, reducing yield.
Lygus bugs overwinter as adults. In the spring they feed on overwintering plants. Eggs are laid in late spring and early summer, and nymphs start to appear shortly after. There are two generations of most Lygyus species in Illinois, with three generations of some species in southern Illinois.