Peach is native to China. The yellow fleshed varieties are preferred in Western world while white-fleshed varieties in Japan and China. Most peach varieties are self-fruitful although there are some self-unfruitful varieties such as JH Hale, Halberta, Candoka, Mikado, and Alamar. The major limiting factors in growing peaches in northern Illinois and many parts of upper midwest are bud injury by cold winter temperatures below -10 degrees Farenheit, and wood injury by winter temperatures that are -18 to -20 degrees Farenheit. It is recommended to purchase one-year-old seedlings grafted onto a standardrootstock mainly for colder climates.However, you can get some varieties grafted on semi-dwarf rootstocks such as St. Julien A. Select a site with good soil and air drainage, and plant in early spring as soon as the ground can be worked. Peaches are trained on open-center system. Immediately after planting the tree back to 30 inches tall. Prune the trees every year, and apple compound fertilizer such as 10-10-10 in the root zone of the tree every spring before bud swell, and additional fertilizer applied in summer based onleaf nutrient analysis results.
Additional pests and problems that may affect this plant:
Insects and Insect Relatives: