Beets (Beta vulgaris)-Hort Answers - University of Illinois Extension
University of Illinois Extension

University of Illinois Extension

Hort Answers


Beta vulgaris

Leaf spot in beets
Leaf spot in beets
Apply one to one and half pounds of complete fertilizer such as 10-10-10 per 100 square feet. Control weeds by hand pulling and hoeing. Provide adequate moisture by giving plants one inch of water per week based on the amount of rainfall recorded in a week in your area. 
  • Avenger
  • Big Red
  • Gladiator
  • Pacemaker
  • Red Ace
  • Detroit Dark Red
  • Early Wonder
  • Ruby Queen
  • Sangria
  • Sweetheart
  • Bull's Blood
  • Little Ball
Planting Time
They are frost hardy, plant in spring four weeks before the frost-free date. To ensure continuous harvest of beets during the growing season, plant at about three weeks interval.


Harvest Time
Harvest tops when six inches tall, and roots when one and half to two inches in diameter. Store in plastic bags with holes at temperatures slightly above freezing.



Plant beets in rows that are 12-15 inches apart and one inch apart within the row. Cover the seeds with half inch layer of soil. Beet seed is like a fruit with several embryos inside. Thin seedlings to right spacing after germination.


Soil Conditions
Moist, Well-Drained
Exposure/Light Requirements
Full Sun
Pests and Problems

Environmental Damage

Insect Damage

Additional pests and problems that may affect this plant:

  • Root maggots
  • Leafminers
Additional Notes


Related Resources
Home, Yard & Garden Pest Guide
U of IL - Distance Diagnosis through Digital Imaging
U of IL - Plant Clinic