Damasks are among the most ancient of garden roses. They were cultivated by the Romans and may have died out had it not been for the European monasteries that cultivated roses for medicinal purposes. Damasks are taller than the Gallicas with paler, larger foliage. Their habit tends to be a graceful, somewhat arching plant that opens up under the weight of its flowers. Damasks are known for their strong, distinctive, "old rose" fragrance and their June flowering, which produces a large quantity of blooms used in the making of potpourri. Flower color ranges from white to deep pink. Flowers are borne in clusters of 3-5 or more. Damasks are extremely winter-hardy, have little problem with disease, and require little maintenance. Most bloom once in mid-summer.