Downer -- New Jersey State Soil
Downer Soil Profile
|Downer soils are used mostly as woodland. The natural
vegetation consists of mixed oaks, hickory, and scattered pines. Some areas are cultivated
for high-value vegetable and fruit crops that are usually irrigated. Downer soils occur on
291,319 acres in New Jersey. These soils are dominantly in the 11 counties of southern New
Downer soils are on uplands and formed in sandy, highly quartzose Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain deposits. They have medium natural fertility and require fertilization for maximum crop production. The Downer series was established in Gloucester County, New Jersey, in 1960.
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