Keep Illinois natural areas strong
The prairie state is home to beautiful wild spaces, but invasive species are a growing threat in our forests, lakes, backyards, and agricultural fields. Illinois ranks 5th in the U.S. for invasive species introductions. These non-native plants, animals, and insects spread quickly, and once they take hold they're hard to remove.
You can help. Explore how to prevent the spread of invasive species with everyday activities and steps you can take to keep your land beautiful and healthy by controlling plant, insect, and aquatic infestations.
Invasive species are an environmental and ecological problem for everyone
Why do we control invasive species?
"We control invasive species because they are harming the native plants and animals we care so much about protecting."
- The Nature Conservancy global invasive species initiative
Non-native invasive species are one of the biggest global environmental threats, second only to habitat loss. Their damages cost the U.S. $120 billion every year. The U.S. Forest Service identified invasive species as one of four major threats to forests and grasslands and the Illinois Wildlife Action Plan outlines invasives as one of six primary challenges to conservation.
Invasives make it hard to enjoy nature's beauty and resources.
- Aggressive invasive species form a monoculture, making forests, prairies, and waterways less diverse and beautiful.
- Invasives harm native species, threatening the future of plants and wildlife.
- By competing for resources, invasives reduce populations of native fish, wildlife, and fungi making it harder to hunt and forage.
Invasives harm the entire ecosystem.
- Native wildlife, like insects, birds, fish, and mammals, rely on native plants for food and shelter.
- Insect and weed pests threaten agricultural crop productivity.
What are invasive species?
Non-native invasive species are ecologically or economically damaging exotic plants or pests, introduced by humans to areas where they were not found historically. They can be introduced accidentally or deliberately and become established in the wild.
- Native species: A plant, animal, or insect that occurs naturally in a region.
- Non-native species: A species that has been introduced to a region.
- Aggressive / nuisance species: A species that spreads quickly or where it is unwanted. It could be native or non-native.
Illinois' centralized location and extensive transportation networks provide many ways for pests to arrive. Climate change also creates opportunities for species to become invasive as they seek new habitats.
What makes a species invasive?
Not all non-native species are invasive, most agricultural crops are non-native, and some native plants are problematic. Some non-native species have been established in Illinois for decades without causing harm.
For a non-native species to be considered invasive it must have a negative impact on the environment, economy, or human health. Invasive species spread quickly and aggressively because they do not have the natural controls found in their native habitats. Their populations grow until they cause damage by changing the habitat and competing with native species for resources.
- Giant hogweed can cause chemical burns
- Jumping worms strip nutrients from garden soil
- Silver carp outcompete native fish for food