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Extension Snapshots

4-H helps young people develop goal setting skills

4-H members participating in a meeting

What do you want to be when you grow up?

This is a question we start asking young people almost as soon as they can talk. And it’s an important question. At its most fundamental level, the question is asking about a young person’s goals – but the conversation should not end here.

Research shows us that effective goal setting techniques can dramatically increase the likelihood of success, but one question about the future isn’t enough to help young people develop the skills needed to reach their goals. They must also learn to layout the steps needed to accomplish those goals, make back-up plans for when things go awry, and heed lessons from their past successes and failures.

The 4-H youth development program intentionally fosters these skills. In 4-H clubs, young people work together, along with their adult leaders, to set annual goals for their groups. They come up with plans to meet these goals and regularly discuss their progress at meetings.

One 4-H club president, Ella, a fourth grader from Peoria county, spoke of her club’s goals to invite guest speakers, do community service, and recruit new members. She discussed the goal setting process, saying, “We basically just voted on who wanted to do what…so we could plan it out and schedule it early.” Ella went on to explain the strategies used toward their recruitment goal, saying “(I wanted) to try to get new members from my class, so we made little new member cards that came with a piece of candy.”

4-H members are also encouraged to set individual goals for their project work and keep records of their efforts. Additionally, the reflection and application components of the experiential learning cycle (the pedagogical model used in 4-H) help young people examine their efforts, look for lessons, and apply them to future endeavors.

In fact, a 2019 survey asked 4-H members in Fulton, Mason, Peoria, and Tazewell counties about their goal-setting practices. It found:

  • 88% felt it was important to them to reach their goals.
  • 87% took action to reach their goals.
  • 82% knew how to make their plans happen.
  • 79% developed step-by-step plans to reach their goals.

These practices can help young people succeed now, and help develop skills that will be useful throughout their lives.


Emily Schoenfelder joined the Illinois 4-H team in 2017. Prior to this, she began her work in positive youth development with California 4-H and the YMCA. She specializes in STEM engagement, social-emotional development, and educator professional development.

She received a master of science degree in recreation, park, and tourism administration from Western Illinois University.  

When she is not leading a training, writing curriculum, or developing new partnerships, you may find Emily sitting on the floor of her office, building marshmallow catapults out of popsicle sticks or designing mazes for robots for her next STEM program.


Extension Snapshots are monthly impact reports that share the stories of our programs in Fulton, Mason, Peoria, and Tazewell counties. To have them delivered to you directly sign up using our E-blast registration.




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