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Protect your holiday baking traditions with 4 food safety tips

mixing bowl with eggs and flour food safety

URBANA, Ill. – Holiday baking brings family and friends together and creates lasting memories as friends share recipes, stories, and meaningful time together.  Amid the flurry of flour-covered countertops and mountains of messy mixing bowls, keep food safety in mind.

“Baking and food safety go hand-in-hand,” says Susan Glassman, nutrition and wellness educator with University of Illinois Extension. “Make sure that your holiday baked goods bring you nothing but deliciousness by taking precautionary measures to prevent foodborne illness.”

Raw dough and batters contain raw eggs and flour, two ingredients that can lead to food poisoning if eaten raw. Raw eggs can carry Salmonella bacteria. The harmful bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) can contaminate flour – from its original grain form in the field through the processed stage sold to consumers. Both bacteria can cause mild to severe symptoms of food poisoning.

Cooking or baking recipes that contain raw eggs or flour at the proper temperature for the correct length of time eliminates the risk.

Pasteurized cookie dough is made with heat-treated flour and pasteurized eggs (or no eggs); thus, is safe for eating. Read labels to confirm any product purchased can be eaten raw safely.

Reducing the risk

Follow these four steps to food safety from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to protect family and friends from food poisoning.

Clean: Wash hands with warm, soapy water for 20 seconds before and during baking, including after handling raw eggs and flour or unbaked batters and doughs. Wear an apron, tie back hair, remove jewelry, and avoid licking fingers.

Wash surfaces and utensils frequently. Clean kitchen countertops with a bleach solution (one teaspoon of unscented liquid bleach per four cups of water), rinse, and air dry. Wash bowls and equipment in a dishwasher or with hot, soapy water. This includes cookie presses and cutters, measuring cups and spoons, spatulas and scrapers, and mixer parts.

Use clean dishcloths and oven mitts. Keep bleach wipes or solution handy to wash countertops in between baking.

Separate: Keep raw eggs and flour separate from other ingredients, including cooling racks or finished baked goods. Flour can spread easily.

Chop and dice fruit, nuts, and chocolate on clean cutting boards that are used for ready-to-eat foods, like vegetables, away from raw eggs and flour. Wash equipment and cutting boards that come in contact with raw eggs or flour dust in a dishwasher or hot, soapy water.

Cook: Cook dough and batters before consuming. Follow the directions for cooking baked goods at the proper temperature and time.

Chill: Follow recipe directions. Refrigerate raw dough immediately after preparing until it is ready to be baked. Refrigerate baked goods that contain cream, such as cream frostings, custards, no-bake cookies, or cheese fillings, as well as egg-based recipes, such as bread pudding.

Keep baked goods covered to prevent contamination. Store them in a refrigerator or at room temperature depending on recipe directions.

Blend these easy food safety practices into holiday baking traditions to create the perfect combination for a delicious and safe holiday.

Find more resources for making safe and healthy food choices at or connect with experts at your local Extension office by visiting

SOURCE/WRITER: Susan Glassman, Nutrition and Wellness Educator, University of Illinois Extension

EDITOR: Judy Bingman, University of Illinois Extension

ABOUT EXTENSION: Illinois Extension leads public outreach for University of Illinois by translating research into action plans that allow Illinois families, businesses, and community leaders to solve problems, make informed decisions, and adapt to changes and opportunities