URBANA, Ill. — As winter settles in, many plants and houseplants that were growing outdoors have returned inside. Before bringing in your plants, consider animal companions, such as dogs and cats, because some plants can make them sick if ingested. Knowing what plants you have and how they will affect your furry friends can go a long way in keeping your family safe.
Plants have several natural defenses to protect themselves against pests, including physical and chemical barriers. Physical barriers might be things like fine hairs on okra, prickles on cucumbers, thorns on roses, and spines on cacti. Chemical barriers are phytochemicals that can cause various issues depending on exposure and toxicity, such as irritation or illness. Bitterness is an example of a chemical barrier.
There are plants of concern for humans, and there is another list for pets. One example of a plant that is safe for human use but can make dogs and cats sick is aloe.
With both existing house plants or when bringing plants inside, there are some ways to limit exposure to keep both your plants and pets safe. Labeling plants is key, especially when making room for all your plants as you bring them in for winter.
- Keep non-pet-friendly plants in a room out of reach.
- Discard plant debris and clippings into an outdoor receptacle or one away from pets.
- Hang plants out of reach of pets.
- Label plants and use a sticker or label on plants that are unsafe.
- Use metal cages or terrariums for added protection if you are unable to separate by room.
The following list from University of Nebraska Extension covers plants that are poisonous to pets: Amaryllis, Andromeda, apple seeds, apricot, arrowgrass, avocado, bittersweet, boxwood, buttercup, caladium, castor beans, cherry pits, chokecherry, crown of thorns, daffodil, daphne. delphinium, dieffenbachia, elephant ear, English ivy, elderberry, foxglove, glory lily, hemlock, hemp, holly, hyacinth, hydrangea, iris, jasmine, Jimson weed, Kalanchoe species, laburnum, larkspur, laurel, locoweed, marigold, mistletoe, monkshood, mushrooms, narcissus, nightshade, oleander, peach, philodendron, Poinsettia, poison ivy, privet, rhododendron, rhubarb, stinging nettle, tobacco, tulip, walnut, wisteria, and yew.
The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals also has species-specific poisonous plant lists for dogs, cats, and horses. If a pet does consume a plant, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Bruce J. Black is an Illinois Extension horticulture educator for Carroll, Lee, and Whiteside counties, as well as Boone, DeKalb, and Ogle counties. Gardeners Corner is a quarterly newsletter from gardening experts around the state. Each issue highlights best practices that will make your houseplants, landscape, or garden shine in any season. Join the Gardener’s Corner email list at go.illinois.edu/GCsubscribe for direct access to timely tips.
PHOTO CAPTION: Photos by Bruce J. Black and Emily Steele, Illinois Extension. Dogs, cats, and other animal companions that share your home can be at risk if they ingest houseplants that are poisonous to them. The photos in this article are available to download for media use.
Illinois Extension leads public outreach for University of Illinois by translating research into action plans that allow Illinois families, businesses, and community leaders to solve problems, make informed decisions, and adapt to changes and opportunities. Illinois Extension is part of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences.