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Summertime is the best time to enjoy peaches

Tan wood background with whole and halved peaches with a few peach leaves

Peaches are one of a handful of foods I don't buy fresh unless it's summertime and I can get them locally. The quality and flavor of peaches in summer from a local farm is just. so. good! My favorite way to eat them is on their own. No muss, no fuss. But there are lots of ways to prepare peaches, with three tasty recipes at the end of this blog post to give you inspiration.

In reviewing resources for this post, I learned something new: "Non-Melting Flesh" and "Melting Flesh." Peach varieties with melting flesh almost dissolve in our mouths as we eat them. They're more commonly sold fresh, since they have a short shelf life. Non-melting varieties stay firm as they ripen and are commonly used in canning, since they hold up to the heat of the canning process. How cool!

Nutritionally, one medium peach contains around 60 calories, 15g carbohydrates, and 2g fiber, and contains vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, folate, and potassium. Peaches are not a significant source of fat, protein, or sodium.

  • Buy: For fresh peaches, look for those that are firm, without broken skin or wrinkled or soft spots. For canned and plastic-packed cups of peaches, buying varieties packed in 100% juice reduces added sugars. Canned "lite" peaches often have alternative sweeteners added, if that is a concern for you. Frozen peaches are commonly sold plain, without added sugar.
  • Price: Fresh peaches average $1.68 per pound, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A pound is around 3 medium peaches.
  • Store: Fresh peaches are often sold under-ripe. Ripen them at room temperature until the peaches start to smell sweet and are soft when pressed gently. Once ripe, eat them soon, refrigerate to add a few extra days to their storage, or see the Preserve section for tips on longer storage. 
  • Prepare: Wash fresh peaches under cool water before eating. Remember there is a pit inside each peach. Some peaches twist off their pits easily ("freestone"), while others tend to cling to the pit ("clingstone"). Cut around the pit on clingstone peaches as best you can.
  • Preserve: Fresh peaches are quickly perishable, meaning their quality does not last very long once ripe. The National Center for Home Food Preservation has a long list of recipes and instructions for preserving peaches.
  • Eat: Enjoy peaches raw as a snack, pureed into dishes like smoothies, on salads, and in hot and cold desserts. For peaches that become mealy when ripened, use in a recipe where the texture doesn't matter, like a smoothie or muffin. 


Close up of peach and grape salad

Nectarine & Peach Fruit Salad | Print recipe
serves 6

Tall clear glass with smoothie and a straw with a whole peach sitting at base of glass

Peach Smoothie Print recipe
Serves 3

Close-up of salsa on triangular blue corn chip

Corn and Peach Salsa | Print recipe
Serves 16




Melting and Non-Melting References:


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Posts combined and originally published in 2017; content updated in 2022.


Healthy Eats and Repeat
How much difference is there between canned and frozen foods? How should you cook venison? When is the best time to buy avocados? Get answers to these questions as well as other tips, tutorials and recipes for common kitchen foods and items with University of Illinois Extension Nutrition & Wellness Educator Caitlin Mellendorf. Build your best life. Trust Extension to help.

Caitlin Mellendorf is an Illinois Extension Nutrition and Wellness Educator serving DeWitt, Macon and Piatt Counties in Central Illinois. She is a Registered Dietitian and her work focuses on helping community members gain the knowledge, skills and tools to live healthier, more nutritious lifestyles. This includes providing programs and answering questions about heart health, diabetes, food safety, food preservation, grocery shopping and cooking. You can reach Caitlin by email at or call 217.877.6042.